Scottish Ward Boundaries And Councillor Numbers Under Review
25th February 2014
The Local Government Boundary Commission For Scotland have issued the following statem,ent regarding the latest review of boundaries and councillor numbers.
We started our Fifth Reviews of Electoral Arrangements on 21 February 2014. At the end of the Fifth Reviews we will make recommendations to Scottish Ministers for the number of councillors and the electoral ward boundaries in each of Scotland's 32 local authorities. We will be conducting the Fifth Reviews in two phases: firstly we will consult and decide on councillor numbers for each council; secondly we will consult and decide on ward boundaries.
We are required to conduct electoral reviews of each local authority at intervals of 8 to 12 years, as specified in the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.
The population, and hence the electorate, of any local authority area is constantly changing, with migration into or out of areas as well as within the same area. As a result of these changes, some councillors may be representing considerably more or fewer electors than their colleagues. These variations in levels of representation are one of the reasons that the legislation requires regular electoral reviews.
When reviewing electoral arrangements we are required to take account of the following factors:
the interests of effective and convenient local government;
within each council, each councillor should represent the same number of electors;
local ties which would be broken by making a particular boundary;
the desirability of fixing boundaries that are easily identifiable; and
special geographical considerations that may need different treatment.
Each ward must elect 3 or 4 councillors, and we design wards to match the number of councillors for each ward. We take into account the expected change in the number of electors in an area within the 5 years following the start of the reviews. We try to ensure that the number of councillors in each council area represent approximately the same number of electors.
We use a methodology to categorise council areas and determine council size. For the Fifth Reviews our methodology will be based on deprivation and population density. We are using deprivation as a factor in determining council size because we believe it is a reasonable indicator for a range of factors that impact on council services and on the work of councillors. Deprivation is also used by Scottish Government when making policy decisions.
For these reviews we have maintained the minimum number of councillors at 18, as we felt there was no necessity to change this. However we have extended the upper limit from 80 to 85. As we are using deprivation to determine councillor numbers, we felt there should be an increase in the number of councillors in Glasgow City council, which has high levels of deprivation. We are aware that a large change of councillor numbers in a council area can be disruptive, therefore we have incorporated a 10% change rule. This means that we will not increase or decrease the total number of councillors in a council area by more than 10%, as a consequence of any one review.
We expect to submit our recommendations to Ministers in 2016. The resulting wards will be available for the local government elections in May 2017.